Phonics is an established coding system, used for the English language when learning to read. Phonics is a way of teaching children how to read and write. It helps children hear, identify and use different letter sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language.

Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of individual letters and how those letters sound when they’re combined will help children decode words as they read. Understanding phonics will also help children know which letters to use when they are writing words (encoding).

Phonics involves matching the sounds of spoken English with individual letters or groups of letters. For example, the sound k can be expressed as c, k, ck or ch (coach, kit, mock, echo).

Teaching children to blend the sounds of letters together helps them decode unfamiliar or unknown words by ‘sounding them out’. For example, when a child is taught the sounds for the letters s, a, t,p, and i, they can start to read the words: sat, tap, pat, tip, pit etc.

When you first enter the world of phonics as a teacher new to Early Years  or as a parent supporting the learning process, you will soon realise that there is a fair amount of jargon to break this down into understandable chunks with examples, we are creating an e-book which will soon be available here! So watch out for it appearing soon!